OPERATED BY: Botas
Petroleum Pipeline Corporation
ADDRESS: Botas LNG
Terminal, P.O. Box 17 Marmara Ereglisi - Tekirdag, Turkey
TELEPHONE: +90 282 613 02
50/5 lines FAX: +90 282 613 35
LOCATION: The port is
situated within following co-ordinates:
Lat. 40° 58' 12" N. , Long. 27° 52' 00" E.
Lat. 40° 57' 00" N. , Long. 27° 52' 00" E.
Lat. 40° 57' 00" N. , Long. 28° 00' 00" E.
Lat. 40° 01' 36" N. , Long. 28° 00' 00" E.
ABOUT BOTAS: The Head
Office of Botas is located in Ankara. The Ankara District Management in
Yapracik - Ankara and the Ceyhan District Management in Yumurtalik - Ceyhan
both directly report to the General Directorate. Besides, the Dortyol Operation
Management is located in Dortyol - Iskenderun and the LNG (Liquefied Natural
Gas) Import Terminal Operation Management is located in Marmara Ereglisi -
Tekirdag. Botas's orginal business of transportation of crude oil by pipelines
has expanded to cover the natural gas transportation and trade activities since
1987. Hence, the company has gained a trade company identity. Currently, the
company holds monopoly in import, distribution, pricing and sale of natural gas
in Turkey. In 1995, the article of "to carry out all kinds of petroleum
related activities such as exploration, drilling, production, transportation,
storage and rafining, for the purpose of providing crude oil and natural gas
from abroad" was added to the field of activities of Botas which had been
defined as: "to construct and have constructed all types of pipelines for
petroleum, petroleum products, and natural gas within and outside of Turkey; to
take over, purchase or lease those pipelines that have already been built; to
transport petroleum, petroleum products and natural gas through the pipelines
and to purchase and sell the crude oil and natural gas transported in the
THE PORT: Marmara Ereglisi Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) Import Terminal LNG import
terminal was built in Marmara Ereglisi in order to use for diversifying the
natural gas supply sources and increasing the supply security and elasticity.
It also serves as a base load plant and a means of peak shaving when required.
Under the contract of 20 years' term that was signed by Botaþ and Sonatrach for
the supply of LNG on April 14, 1988, Turkey would purchase 2 Bcma of natural
gas equivalent of LNG. Afterwards, an Amendment to the Contract was signed on
October 24, 1995. Accordingly the import volume has been increased to 4 Bcma.
Studies were completed to increase permanent send-out capacity to 685.000
RESTRICTIONS: max.draft 15.5
m., No Limitations for Max.LOA.
ANCHORAGES: There is one
area for LNG vessels near the terminals. Lat.40 59 20 N, Long. 27 59 45 E.
(Information on best location of anchorage will be given by Pilot).
PILOTAGE: is compulsory
for vessels entering or leaving the ports and through the Dardanelles strait.
Call Botas and Mehmetcik Pilot on VHF channels 71, 16 two hours before arrival
the entrance of the strait for through the port. The South of Dardanelles
Strait pilot embarkation place is carried out on a line of 3 NM distance drawn
from the position 40 deg. 02'.00 N; Long. 26 deg. 11'.92 E to the direction 262
deg., subject to weather conditions. After the ship has berthed the Pilot
/Loading master stays on the ship and requires a separate cabin.
TOWAGE: 2 tugboats to
assist through strait and berthing/unberthing. Depending on weather and having
regard for safety conditions, additional tugs may be assigned by Botas or port
master's office or requested by vessel.
MAIN FUNCTION: The two main
functions of the terminal are: 1- LNG ship unloading and storage.
2 - LNG Vaporisation and natural gas send out the terminal is designed for
an average natural gas send out
rate of 6 billion Nm3/year.The terminal exported natural gas 4.5 billion
Nm3 in 2001.
BERTHING: The marine
jetty is a 380m long piled structure with 73 steel piles The jetty is designed
to berth LNG tankers of 40.000 to 130.000 m3 category. There are four breasting
and six mooring dolphins. The unloading arm system consist of four arms, there
16" LNG unloading and one 12" vapor return arm.
STORAGE: After the unloading arms have been connected, the LNG is sent to three
storage tanks by the ship's pumps at a flow rate of 10.500 m3/hr. The storage
tanks are of the "double containment self-supporting" type. Each tank
is 39 m high and has a capacity of 85.000 m3. Tank bunds in the form of 70 cm.
thick concrete walls are constructed vertically to surround each tank. Inner
tank is made up of 9% nickel steel and outer tank is carbon steel. Three
submerged, wheel mounted low pressure pumps are provided for each tank. A
fourth pump wheel is included in the tank to accommodate a spare pump. Each
tank LTD devices to avoid the stratification of LNG.
AND REGASIFICATION: LNG regasification is carried out at high pressure to avoid having to
pressurize the gas produced which requires much more energy. The LNG is removed
from the tanks by using submerged pumps which increase its pressure to approx.
15 bars. Then, after reincorporation of the boil-off. LNG is compressed by send
out pumps located together in the high pressure pumping station. The
vaporization is performed by a group of open rack sea water vaporizers. The LNG
comes to the vaporizers at about 70 bars. The LNG flows from the lower tubes
and is collated at the top after being regasified at a temperature higher than
0.5°C. The rated capacity of each of vaporizers is 228.000 Nm3/h of gas. The
sea water is returned to the sea at a temperature of 3-5°C less than the intake
temperature. When the sea water temperature is lower than +6°C, the submerged
combustion vaporizers are used.. There are four submerged combustion vaporizers
each a capacity of 124.000 Nm3/h.
GAS SENDOUT: The station
for sending the gas into the main pipeline includes: 4 m. runs using orifice
plates; Odorizing station with pump-type odorizes injecting ethylmercaptane at
an average concentration of 15 mg/Nm3 of gas; Pig launching / receiving station.
METERING AND CONTROL SYSTEMS: Metering station consists of
four metering runs, one 6inc. and 20inc., each equipped with flow pressure,
Temperature and density transmitters and a chromatograph unit to establish the
quantity and properties of the send out gas. After the metering station, the
gas is odorized prior to send out.
FUNCTIONS OF THE CONTROL CENTER LOCATED IN THE MAIN CONTROL ROOM ERA AS FOLLOWS: Indication of
analog and digital variables. Alarm display. Historical trend recording and
display. Manipulation of controls including set points. Start/stop control of
units, valves open/close facilities. Process sequences. Initiation of safety
shut downs. Package unit interfaces. In addition, all gas detection, UV/IR, HD,
TD etc. throughout the terminal are displayed and deluge and halon systems are
controlled in control room.
PRECAUTIONS: Ship's watchmen to be on duty. All operations involving open fires and
sparks are prohibited.
WORKING HOURS: operates 24
hours a day year round.
FRESH WATER: available at
BUNKER: service is
available by barge at anchorage. Only lubrication oil supply at the pier.
AIRPORT: At Istanbul
distance apprx. 100 km from the port.
BALLAST: Vessels shall
not discharge into the water of the port any part of the content of their
cargo, slop or ballast tanks or bilges which is liable to pollute these waters.
Ballast water must be declared and signed by the Master and delivered to the
terminal to this effect. Ship must not be swept or washed overboard.
DISPOSAL: available by barge.
SHORE LEAVE: Crew permitted
ashore with shore passes. It is forbidden to wander on jetty and in refinery
INFORMATION: All information about "Harbour Regulations" and
"International LPG Tanker and Terminal Safety Guide" given to Master
after berthing. The main engines of all vessels while at the berth shall be
kept ready for immediate use. Fire Fighting Equipment must be adequately manned
for fire-fighting and vacating the berth in case of an emergency.
THERE IS ALSO
ONE BUTANGAZ LPG TERMINALI - MARMARA EREGLISI :
BERTHING: Mooring to sea
buoys. Max.LOA 230 m. at outer buoys, 145 m. at inner buoys.
Max.Draft 15 m. at outer buoys, 11 m. at inner buoys.
RATES: Discharging; LPG MIX. 200-300 tons/hr., Propane 135-250 tons/hr. at outer
buoys. Manifold dimension of hose